Azerbaijan Flights GuideAzerbaijan is the name given to both the former Soviet republic and the modern independent nation located on the Caspian Sea. Unlike other major countries at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Azerbaijan doesn't have a state-enforced enforced religion, and remains a highly secular nation on a governmental level, though its religious majority is of Shiite Muslim background.
Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan is both the largest city in the country and the largest city on the Caspian Sea. It is the lowest lying capital city in the world, and aside from enjoying that distinction, is the cultural, scientific and industrial center of the country. The inner city of Baku, as well as Shirvanshah's Palace and the Maiden Tower are all considered UNESCO WOrld Heritage Sites.
There are six International Airports in Azerbaijan, including: Ganja Airport, Gabala International Airport, and the largest and most important, Heydar Aliyev International Airport (formerly called Bina), which is located near the city of Baku and is the home of Azerbaijan Airlines and its subsidiary AZALJet. Azerbaijan has a highly diverse climate, including roughly nine separate climate zones. Parts of the country are located along the Caspian Sea, parts along the Caucasus Mountains, and parts along the Iranian plateau. It is known for receiving extremely forceful rays of sunlight during various seasons, and temperature is influenced highly by winds blowing from different parts of the world.